Proton therapy: Cancer & Tumor treatment

Proton therapy: Cancer & Tumor treatment

Proton therapy is recommended by the doctor for the treatment of tumours. Proton therapy is a type of advanced radiation therapy. It’s used to treat both benign and malignant tumors. There is a growing trend in the use of these radiations because they have fewer side effects than traditional radiations.

Lung cancer, liver cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, brain tumor, spinal tumor, and sarcoma are among the cancers for which proton therapy has proven to be an extremely effective treatment.

Proton therapy has a number of benefits over traditional radiation therapy. Doctors have more control over energy transfer into cancerous cells with proton therapy. Proton therapy provides a dose of radiation into the cells but does not harm the surrounding tissues.

The procedure of proton therapy

  • The patient is taken to a radiation therapy room by hospital personnel.
  • It’s crucial to get the patient in the right position. This will aid in precisely directing the proton beam onto the tumor while avoiding damage to the surrounding tissues.
  • Before each operation, doctors conduct an MRI and CT scan to determine the exact position of the affected area.
  • Doctors use a gantry system to implement the operation. The patient is rotated by this unit. The machine’s rotation ensures that the patient receives the treatment in the right place.
  • The machines in some hospitals are fixed and do not rotate. The table on which the patient is lying moves in such situations.
  • The nozzle of this machine generates a proton beam.
  • The doctors and support staff exit the treatment room and proceed to the control panel once the patient is in the best position to receive treatment.
  • The doctors and nurses from the control room can hear and see the patient.
  • The proton is emitted by the machine and damages the cancer cells.
  • The patient will not be able to sense or perceive the protons when they strike their body.
  • The duration of the procedure is determined by a number of factors, including the treatment location and the ease with which the tumor can be accessed. It usually takes between 20 to 30 minutes.


Proton therapy is done as an outpatient treatment by the doctor. The patient is free to go home on the very day of the therapy. After a few treatment sessions, they can experience some side effects. There could be redness on the skin. Owing to mental and physical stress, the patient can feel tired and weak. The doctor often prescribes regular follow-ups to assess the tumor’s progress.

Proton therapy cost and centre

Proton therapy is a modern form of radiation therapy that uses high-energy beams of positively charged protons to treat cancerous tumors completely. The proton therapy has the biggest advantage over radiotherapy in that it doesn’t destroy healthy cells in the surrounding environment. The cost of proton therapy is defined by the organ that is being treated as well as the position where it is implemented. The type of therapy required and the equipment used would also have an effect on the cost.

Every Proton Treatment Centre has a dedicated team that focuses on organ-specific cancer management. Doctors may use proton beam therapy as an advanced radiation treatment alternative. The procedure is very precise because the radiation is directed directly at the tumor, causing no damage to the surrounding tissues. Tumors in hard-to-reach places like the head, neck, brain, pancreas, and prostate can also be targeted with precision. This technology would also benefit pediatric cancer patients to a larger extent.

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